Trauma Therapists and Compassion Satisfaction

first_imgJay Morse & Heidi Radunovich, PhDCreative Commons [Flickr, Compassion International, March 16, 2008]Mental health professionals working with traumatized clients can experience excessive amounts of stress that may lead to compassion fatigue and burnout. The topic of compassion fatigue and burnout in military psychologist in a combat zone was discussed in a previous blog located, here.  In a recent publication, researchers Craig and Sprang [1] have included an often overlooked idea of compassion satisfaction as a possible outcome in their study of trauma therapists and compassion fatigue and burnout.What is compassion satisfaction?Compassion satisfaction is the feeling of gratification that can be derived from helping others or from care giving.  Compassion satisfaction is about helping others and deriving pleasure from knowing that you made a positive contribution to an individual’s well being.In this study, a national sample of 532 clinical social workers and clinical psychologists who identified themselves as “trauma specialists” completed surveys measuring compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction.  Additionally, the participants responded to a measure of the use of evidence-based therapy practices.  Other variables considered in this study included age, gender, licensure, clinical experience, type of work organization, trauma training, and percentage of PTSD clients.  Gender and age distributions of the sample were comparable to national averages for clinical social workers and psychologists.  The mean age for the sample was 53 years with 23 years of experience.  Only 62% of the social workers and psychologists reported that they had specialized training in treatment of traumatized individuals.  Key findings of the study included:Consistent with previous research, caseloads with a high percentage of traumatized clients may increase the risk for compassion fatigue and burnout.Clinical experience was not a predictor of compassion fatigue (when considering all factors listed above) but was a predictor of compassion satisfaction. Age was not a significant predictor of compassion fatigue or compassion satisfaction.Using evidence-based practices decreases the risk for compassion fatigue. Compassion satisfaction increased with use of evidence-based practices.A lack of training in trauma-specific therapies was associated with burnout in clinicians working with traumatized individuals.Overall, therapists who work with traumatized clients seem to be less vulnerable to burnout when they have received appropriate training in trauma treatment practices and are able to use them, and when they have a more balanced caseload related to trauma. Compassion satisfaction also seems to be a possible positive outcome among therapists who work with traumatized clients, and is also more likely for those who use evidence-based treatments, and for those who are more experienced practitioners.References[1] Craig, C. D., & Sprang, G. (2010). Compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, and burnout in a national sample of trauma treatment therapists. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 23(3), 319-339. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615800903085818This post was written by Jay Morse & Heidi Radunovich, PhD, members of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, You Tube, and on LinkedIn.last_img read more

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Master Your Craft: Lessons Learned from a Loser

first_imgIn the words of American writer Gertrude Stein “It takes a lot of time to be a genius. You have to sit around so much, doing nothing, really doing nothing.” In your quest to become a great filmmaker, designer or video editor, don’t be discouraged when things get difficult. After years of mundane projects, DaVinci didn’t get his first big break until he was 46 (with the painting of the Sistine Chapel)….and all the unsuccessful and mundane projects he completed up to that point prepared him for his first big success.If you want to develop your skills daily and learn more about becoming a better filmmaker check out the PremiumBeat blog where we cover every aspect of the filmmaking process, get inspired with some of the best showreels and demo reels, but most importantly don’t stop making films!This video series was first shared by Delve on their Vimeo channel. Thanks for sharing!What did you think of the video series? Share your thoughts in the comments below. Becoming an masterful artist isn’t always fun, sometimes it can be downright boring.If you’re reading this blog then you’re probably a creative person in the film/video industry, and rightfully so, a life filled with creativity is fun and fulfilling, or at least that’s what we’re told. Even if you’re in the industry you always wanted to be, it may be far from what you imagined. Creative work can sometimes feel difficult, frustrating or (even worse) pointless.Even the happiest people have all gone through difficult creative seasons. Initially it seems like the best way to get out of these difficult seasons is to do something different ASAP. If you’re in a job rut this may mean you go looking for another position, even if it doesn’t pay well. If you’re just creatively hindered this might be changing your lifestyle until you feel more creative.However, running away from difficult situations isn’t usually good for you as an artist, or you as a person. The following video series takes a fascinating look at Leonardo DaVinci and shows us how rough seasons in life can actually make us better artists:last_img read more

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State of the Industry: Film Production

first_imgThe film and television production landscape is changing. Is Hollywood fading?The traditional Hollywood model is being disrupted by emerging technologies and the ‘second screen’. Film productions are leaving the nest of Hollywood and new distribution platforms are emerging…and succeeding. In this post we’ll address the latest trends that we (filmmakers, content creators, video producers) need to be aware of and take a look look at where the industry is heading.Jurassic World set photo courtesy of HitFix.Film Productions are Leaving HollywoodOver the last decade film and television production has steadily made a shift in terms of locale as more and more productions are leaving Hollywood for southern U.S. States, as well as other countries. As The Wrap wrote in a March article, 1997 saw 68% of the top 25 box office films produced in Hollywood but by 2013 that number was down to 8%. In 2014 there were 26 live action films with a budget of over $100 million. Of those 26 production only two were filmed in California: Captain America: Winter Soldier and Interstellar. The New York Times wrote an article back in August that signals another alarming trend – the steep decline of ticket sales at the domestic box office. While North America is still the largest film industry it’s overall numbers are down to their lowest since 1997.Another reason for the mass exodus of film productions from California is the rise in tax incentives by states such as Louisiana, Georgia and North Carolina, as well as tax incentives in Canada and the United Kingdom. Chelsea Brasted with NOLA.com wrote an article stating that as of 2014 the top locations for film production were Louisiana, Canada, United Kingdom and finally California.For producers, the bottom line is seen in dollars and cents. By moving productions outside of California to those other locations to take advantage of tax incentives allows producers to take their production dollars a lot further. Now states such as Texas are getting in on the exodus by increasing the states available tax incentive cap from $32 million to $95 million.Spurred by this steady trend, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a bill to increase available tax incentives cap from $100 to $330 million, which is good for California but a number that falls short of  New York’s $420 million cap or Louisiana (who does not have a cap at all). Another issue with the California tax incentive program is that it is divided out through a lottery system, which brings a high level of uncertainty to producers.While losing production to other states and countries is hurting the Hollywood system, it’s not the only reason for the decline.Decline of Box Office Ticket SalesThere are 18 films that have crossed the one billion dollar mark and of those only three of them were made before the year 2000. Those three are Titanic (1997), Jurassic Park (1993) and Star Wars Episode I The Phantom Menace (1999). While Titanic became the first film to ever cross the one billion dollar mark, it was followed soon by 90’s films such as Jurassic Park and Star Wars who both benefited from re-releases.In the current climate with IMAX and 3D showings increasing, more and more films are getting closer to and even passing the billion dollar mark. However these present day box office grosses can be deceiving as they are calculated on much higher inflated ticket sale prices that include IMAX and 3D showings (which no less than double the average ticket price). An argument that has been made in recent years is that in order to truly understand where the state of the film industry is you need to look at the number of ticket sales.Box Office Mojo has compiled a list that charts the number of tickets sold for the top 200 films of all time…and it’s incredibly interesting. There is only one film post-2000 in the top 25 films in terms of ticket sales, and that is Avatar (2009) which sits at #14. In fact, the film with the highest number of ticket sales is still 1939’s Gone With the Wind with over 202 million tickets sold. Why is this such a big deal?Well, as of 2014 there are over 39,000 physical movie screens in the United States alone. In 1939 during the release of Gone With the Wind there were well less than half that number. So why the decline in ticket sales? The New York Times article we cited above pointed to moviegoers feeling there was a lack of original content at theaters, which meant most movie goers felt the slate was filled with just more of the same. This may be why Guardians of the Galaxy did so well in 2014, it was a film that moved against the norm. However, there are other contributing factors…Gotham Set Design Photo courtesy of the Hollywood Reporter.Television Production on the RiseWith film production in Hollywood is on the decline (along with the number of ticket sales at the box office) one could point to the rise in quality television production as one culprit. In fact, the Los Angeles Daily News wrote an article in October 2014 about the rise of television production, specifically in Hollywood.The article states that TV productions in Hollywood rose 31% in the third quarter alone and the number of overall productions went from 4,310 to 5,363. However, Bob Strauss with the Los Angeles daily news pointed out in his article that along with big budget films, the California tax incentive program is not available to network produced television series. This is why new network television productions such as Gotham are being produced in New York and elsewhere.While the tax incentive doesn’t help network television productions, overall television, and specifically cable television productions, are doing well in Hollywood. But now television has a new paradigm shift that they have to deal with, and this shift does not only affect television, but film as well…The Digital Age is CallingWith more and more households adding tablets and smartphones to their technology arsenal, the consumption of film and video content is moving to those devices. Children growing up today are watching their favorite shows on these devices and if they do watch content on a physical television it’s often through digital media players such as the AppleTV, Roku and Chromecast. Netflix and Youtube now account for 50% of Internet bandwidth.…really.What the Future Holds for Television and Feature FilmsFrom the television perspective, big news came out recently that is signaling the change in attitude toward digital content. The first shoe to drop was the announcement that in 2015 HBOGo would be available to consumers who do not have HBO in their cable package. Then almost immediately following this CBS announced their new streaming service CBS All Access, which has already launched. While HBOGo already has a presence on Apple TV, Roku and Chromecast, CBS All Access does not. This won’t last long – CBS CEO Jim Lanzone stated that CBS All Access will be coming to all major platforms.With a rise in content being offered digitally through Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hulu and other digital media players, consumers are praising the ability to pick and choose what they watch instead of paying for cable and channels they do not watch or need. Companies like Netflix and Amazon have taken notice and are developing new original content such as House of Cards and Alpha House for consumers and people flocking to these services.On the film side of things Steven Spielberg and George Lucas, while on a panel at the USC School of Cinematic Arts, both agreed that in the not so distant future blockbuster features would become a niche market. Film productions would move from the big screen to the small screen through VOD services. Lucas warned that studios are getting, “…narrower and narrower in their focus. People are going to get tired of it. They’re not going to know how to do anything else.” Spielberg also noted that studios are putting too many chips into just a handful of projects versus being diverse and ready for the market change by saying, There’s going to be an implosion where three or four or maybe even a half-dozen of these mega-budgeted movies go crashing into the ground and that’s going to change the paradigm again.With a number of summer 2014 blockbusters not coming close to their projected box office gross domestically, there seems to be some validity in what he is saying, but the tent pole films are still making their money. Films are however competing with home viewing and now with mobile devices, so the paradigm is shifting to an extent.You can read David S. Cohen’s article about the discussion in Variety. Left to right, CNBC Media and Entertainment Reporter Julia Boorstin, Don Mattrick, Steven Spielberg and George Lucas sit for a panel discussion. Photo courtesy of USC Cinematic Arts.What Does all of This Mean?We are shifting the way we consume content, which is not a bad thing. We’re quickly adapting their habits to account for more ‘second screen’ device usage. More and more people are staying home with their HD televisions and digital media Players instead of going to the theater, mainly for the reason that they feel most of the productions releasing are rehashes of the same old stuff and they would rather wait until they can buy it digitally. Consumers are also cutting the cable cord and all the superfluous channels in favor of having their favorite shows instantly. Again this is just the natural shift that comes with the advancement of entertainment technology.Does that mean that theaters are going to go the way of the dodo? As a filmmaker and movie enthusiast I sincerely hope not and I don’t think it will. There is just something about going and seeing a film in the theater, its an experience you can’t get at home. Can you imagine not having a midnight showing of the new Star Wars? I can’t and don’t want to. While the home and mobile experience is something that is here and happening, I don’t believe it will kill off the theater experience.So, in the end we filmmakers shouldn’t be alarmed about these shifts, we should rather stay completely up to date on them and quickly adapt our productions with them in mind. Our industry has gone through various shifts over the years and through each advancement filmmakers have had to roll with these changes.With these changes also comes a flood of content to the digital market, so this places an emphasis on filmmakers to develop content that stands out above the crowd, which in a sense as always been an obstacle in our industry. As a filmmaker, I’ve always seen this as a positive. It’s motivation to work hard and develop film or television content that people with flock to. It’s also interesting that this current shift opens the entire playing field for filmmakers, it tells you that, “Hey, you don’t need to go to Hollywood to direct the next big thing, you can film and distribute that straight from your own backyard.” And for filmmakers this is an amazing realization. Now we just need to get out there and start making great content.Have any thoughts or ideas on the current film industry and where it is going in the future? Let us know in the comments below.last_img read more

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How to Create a GIF Using After Effects and Photoshop

first_imgThis easy-to-follow step-by-step tutorial will show you how to quickly create an animated GIF using After Effects and Photoshop.More and more clients are demanding GIF files of their projects for social media. Rather than relying on a third-party GIF compressor that may create too much heavy noise, make your GIF look clean and professional using After Effects and Photoshop.In the following video tutorial, we’ll take a look at how to create an animated GIF using After Effects and Photoshop and discuss a few things you need to know in order to create the best GIF possible. The tutorial covers:Creating GIFsWorking with DitheringReducing File SizesOptimal Frame RatesColor DepthHere’s the tutorial. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask us in the comments below. Alternatively, if you prefer to read (over watching a video), you can follow the step-by-step guide below.Download the Free Project File and PremiumGuide to GIFsIn addition to the tutorial itself, we are giving away the project file, video clips, and the PremiumGuide to GIFs. Simply click the download button below and all of the assets are yours.DOWNLOAD FREE PROJECT FILES AND THE PREMIUMGUIDE TO GIFSStep-by-Step Tutorial: Create a GIFThe following step-by-step tutorial will show you everything you need to know to quickly create GIFs in After Effects and Photoshop.Step 1: Export Video From After EffectsThere isn’t a great way to export a GIF from an After Effects composition. So after you have created your animated sequence, follow these steps to export your composition to Photoshop.The first thing you need to do is simply export your footage from After Effects. Select your composition and go to Composition > Add to Render Queue. Once inside the render queue, adjust your settings as needed and click the ‘Render’ button. Remember that the best way to reduce the file size of your GIF is to optimize the video in After Effects — be sure to change your frame rate to 12-15fps and reduce the amount of movement and colors.Step 2: Import into PhotoshopGo to Photoshop and import your clip by navigating to File > Open and selecting the video clip. You can now adjust your clip as needed. Many of the functions inside of Photoshop will still be available to you. You can colorize and scale your video just like an image.Step 3: Save for Web.Once you’re ready to save your GIF, simply navigate to File > Save for Web… (In older versions of Photoshop, you’ll need to navigate to File > Export > Save for Web(Legacy), but it’s the same window nonetheless.) Once you’re inside of the Save for Web window, you will see a lot of options.The video tutorial above goes into detail about what each setting does, but the important thing to remember is simply to reduce the amount of colors and only turn on dithering if you are comfortable with noise being in your image. Alternatively, if you would like for your GIF to load a low-res version before it loads the full-res version, go ahead and select the ‘Interlaced’ button. The rest of the defaults are usually great. If you want your GIF to loop, be sure to change Looping Options from ‘Once’ to ‘Forever.’Once you’re ready to save, simply navigate to the ‘Save’ button at the bottom of the window.If you want to learn more about creating GIFs or how they work in After Effects, I personally recommend checking out the “GIFs in After Effects” post over on RocketStock.You also may have noticed the professional transitions used in the tutorial. Those transitions come from Stanza, an exclusive pack of 200 video transitions from RocketStock. Stanza is the fastest way to create professional video transitions. Here’s a quick demo of Stanza in action:What’s you favorite way to create GIFs in After Effects? Share your thoughts in the comments below.last_img read more

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Embrace the Undeniable Power of Sad Music

first_imgActivate audience empathy and make your moments matter more with sad royalty-free music.Sad music is one of the most dependable tools available to film and video creators. Songs rich with mournful minor keys and deliberate downtempo stillness (like those found in the curated playlist at the bottom of this post) convey raw emotions and bleak existential experiences in ways that language and images alone can’t.If your characters are hurting, if despair has settled over your scene, if defeat, death, divorce, and/or destruction have taken their toll, then a sad soundtrack is a surefire way to turn on-screen pain into something visceral for viewers. The right sad song can slingshot your audience’s hearts directly into the goose-fleshed empathy sweet spot where the most memorable moviegoing moments occur, a place where they can truly share your character’s dark situation.Effective Use of Sad Music in Film and VideoImage via Warpboyz.A sad soundtrack is weaponized poignancy at the moment your audience is most vulnerable. Take the following scene from Platoon for example . . .We’ve joined Charlie Sheen’s young Chris Taylor as witnesses to the horrors of war, seeing firsthand the ravaging effects of death, desperation, and duty on those fighting. We’ve seen the brutality of Tom Berenger’s Staff Sergeant Barnes and encountered what passes as hope in Willam Dafoe’s sage Sergeant Elias.Now, confusion has settled over the burning battlefield. The violence escalates. Taylor barely escapes, his chopper lifting off as Viet Cong bullets shred the jungle — and Elias — below.As Samuel Barber’s “Adagio for Strings” begins to soar, Elias falls — but the mournful music is not for him. It’s Taylor’s song. It’s ours too, as we share the young soldier’s recognition of betrayal and feelings of helplessness. (Note: The following clip contains coarse language and realistic combat violence.)Powerful stuff; there’s a reason people call Barber’s composition “That Platoon Song.” Still, even with that cemented association, “Adagio for Strings” remains a go-to for film and broadcast folks. Even a short list of its uses in pop culture is lengthy. It’s been featured in The Elephant Man and Amélie. It drives scenes in documentaries like Sicko and 20 Feet From Stardom. You can hear it on television in The Simpsons, Outlander, and Red Dwarf. “Adagio for Strings” is the rare artistic achievement that transcends pop culture; it’s now something bigger. It’s been the soundtrack for the radio and TV death announcements of FDR, JFK, and Princess Diana. It was heard at the funerals of Princess Grace of Monaco, Albert Einstein, and dozens of other global luminaries and heads of state. We felt its solemn power at public ceremonies honoring the terrorist-attack victims of 9/11, Charlie Hebdo, Manchester Arena, and Brussels. When the West mourns, we do it to “Adagio for Strings.”Preeminent musicologist Wilfrid Mellers called it “a dirge for the young dead.” Entertainment Weekly called it “the saddest song ever.” NPR disagrees. There are other contenders for the title, according to a quick PremiumBeat office poll: “My Heart Will Go On” from Titanic. “Mad World” from Donnie Darko. “Adagio in D Minor” from Sunshine. Even “You’ve Got a Friend in Me” from Toy Story.In Closing: The Transformative Power of Sad Music, an AnecdoteImage via Jaromir Chalabala.When looking to cast my own vote for “what’s the saddest gut-punching use of sad music ever,” the answer came quickly: those Sarah McLachlan animal videos from a few years ago, duh. You know the ones. I ventured over to YouTube to see if the videos were as impactful as I remembered. They were; my first refresher viewing was indeed a miserable experience.My second viewing was different, though. I noticed that the videos weren’t nearly as graphic as I remembered. In fact, other than maybe one limping dog, I was surprised to see that most of the animals just looked a little, well, bored. It seems Sarah McLachlan’s sad music had created footage in my mind that never existed. The whole experience compelled me to test the transformative power that sad music has on images.Below you will find two videos I whipped up in iMovie (not only is it my NLE of choice, it’s also the only one I know how to use). Each video features the same Shutterstock “bored dog” footage and a song from PremiumBeat. One track’s got a little pep in its step. The other track is a total bummer. First, take a look at the “hey, everything’s gonna be all right” version.And now, the “everything is not all right — like, not at all” version. The transformative power of sad music is obvious, even when wielded by unskilled hands.If you need to add gravity and encourage empathy, explore the curated playlist below. It’s loaded with sad songs and tear-jerking tunes that you can utilize to transform footage in your next project, and each is available for you to use in perpetuity with a simple $49 Standard License.Whether you’re going for abject suffering, mild melancholia, sentimental nostalgia, or good-old-fashioned gazing into the void, the heart-rending, transformative power of sad music is vital for hitting your audience square in The Feels in a way they won’t soon forget.Cover image via Anna Om.Header image via one line man.Playlist header image crazystocker.Looking for more royalty-free music playlists? Check these out.Choice Cuts: Check Out July’s Best New Royalty Free Music2019’s Most Important Film Score Trend: Experimental Ambient MusicCreative Zeitgeist: 2019 Royalty Free Music Trends PlaylistMake Your Cuts Shine with Royalty-Free Transition MusicCreative Royalty-Free Intro Music for Better Viewer Engagementlast_img read more

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What Holds Us Together

first_img Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now There are those who would separate us based on our identities. This one is a man, and that one is a woman. This one is black, and that one is white. This is one is an immigrant, that one was born here. This is one is gay, and that one is straight. This one is rich, and that one is poor. This is one is Christian, and that one is Jewish. This one is a Republican, that one is a Democrat.Even though there are those who would point to our many differences for their personal or political gain, our individual identities do not separate us from our collective identity: American.America is a principle, an ideal. That ideal, written on parchment 241 years ago, is still a beacon of hope for much of the world, and it is a promise: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”The execution of this principle has been messy. Much of the time, it has been more honored in the breach than the observance. Humans, as fallible and frail as we sometimes are, have lacked the courage to live up to this ideal, as did the men who drafted the document. At other times, we’ve risen up to fight tyranny in its many forms. All in all, the arrow of progress is pointing largely in the right direction, even if there is still much work to do.We have more in common than we do differences, and what we have in common binds us together—even when some would have you believe otherwise.When you watch the fireworks tonight and celebrate with your family and friends, know that those who don’t look like you, that don’t believe what you believe, that don’t share your skin color, your politics, or your religion, are all celebrating the same ideal, that great and common bond that holds us together, even when we disagree.last_img read more

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Five Things That Prevent You from Succeeding at Prospecting

first_imgSelling activities fall into two categories. The first is opportunity creation, the second, opportunity capture. The first necessarily precedes the second. If your sales results are not what you want them to be, look first to opportunity creation and prospecting. If you are not getting the results you want, here are a few things that might be missing.No Talk Tracks: I love scripts. I call them planned dialogues. You might call them talk tracks. In a complex, dynamic human interaction, there are countless variables. But it is possible to count the different responses you are likely to encounter when you interrupt someone and ask them for their time. The expectation that one talk track will work for all scenarios is just not true. You have to vary your approach and change things up. You do need talk tracks, and you do need chops.No Courage to Ask Again: When you interrupt someone to ask them for an appointment, many people will decline your request. They are trying to protect their time, and they are trying not to waste it on things that aren’t important to them now. This is reflexive, and you must ask again, increasing the value you are offering to trade for their time.No Campaigns: You call your dream client in January. You have a lot of targets, so you call them again in April. Then July, then October. This isn’t prospecting. It isn’t strategic enough, there isn’t enough activity, and it isn’t creating value for your target client. It’s sporadic, and it is not serious. If you don’t have more touches, and more interactions closer together, what you are doing can no longer be called prospecting.No Call Blocks: If there is not time blocked on your calendar, then you are not going to produce the prospecting results you need. For a salesperson, call block protects the time you need from the outside distractions that, while needing your attention, prevent you from building a pipeline. Prospecting time is sacred time, and you need to carve enough of it to generate the opportunities you need.Too Little Activity: You may not like that the fact that you can’t generate the opportunities you need with the amount of activity you prefer to spend prospecting, but that does not change the reality that if what you are doing isn’t working, you need to change something. You can have all of the four points above, but it you dial two numbers a day, none of it will amount to anything. Greater activity cures activity problems. Greater effectiveness cures effectiveness problems. Know which is preventing your success. Treat opportunity creation as if it is equally important as opportunity capture. Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

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You Are Right Now Creating Your AFTER Picture

first_imgPodcast: Play in new window | Download (Duration: 7:21 — 6.0MB)Subscribe: Apple Podcasts | Android | Email | Google Podcasts | RSSAll of the decisions you’ve made—or refused to make—up until this point produced your BEFORE picture. The decisions you make today are what will produce the AFTER picture.The Sunday NewsletterThe Outcomes Planner Get the Free eBook! Want to master cold calling? Download my free eBook! Many would have you believe that cold calling is dead, but the successful have no fear of the phone; they use it to outproduce their competitors. Download Nowlast_img read more

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On Civility and Politics

first_imgSome people have ideas and beliefs that differ from yours. Some of the things they believe and express conflict with what you hold to be fundamental truths. They speak what they believe to be good and right and beautiful, and what they believe is moral and correct, using some combination of facts and opinion to express their ideas. Because their views clash with yours, you can become defensive, emotional, and upset by their ideas. This clashing of conflicting ideas and beliefs works both ways, with others growing defensive, emotional, and argumentative when you speak.In this, civility is lost.In the United States, the two parties have worked very hard to create an environment where everything is political, and everything is framed to create a sense of “us versus them.” Each side encourages the idea that they are good, the other evil, with one group describing the other as “Nazis,” and the second group describing the first as “Communists.” (We should hope that neither of these things is true, as those two groups were responsible for something close to 100,000,000 lost souls, most of them their citizens).Enabled by a press that works on a 24-hour news cycle and who benefits from attention, the willingness to divide us from each other has never been so great, and the tools never so powerful.The social sites have been optimized to ensure that people spend time on the platform and that engagement results in a psychological reward, making it a cesspool of angry, nasty, foul political arguments, with zero civility, and no real attempt to talk about issues in any meaningful way. Mostly, the arguments are a war between memes and distortions. Over the last few years, there has been protests and marches that have ended in violence, as well as some very close calls. There have also been people shouted down and prevented from even expressing their beliefs.Being angrier, louder, and more aggressive isn’t how you win an argument, nor is it how you change someone’s mind. It also isn’t a great way to resolve one’s differences.Civility is needed now more than ever. Your civility and mine. It starts by believing that people with whom you disagree are not evil. Civility means hearing a person out, without interruption, and seeking to understand what they believe as truth and why they believe it. Civility requires you to exercise the decorum and self-control necessary to avoid responding emotionally (and in every case online, not to respond at all).Do not allow the talking heads on political television to serve as the model for how you interact with people who disagree with you. Instead, exercise civility—even if others do not. Your example, and mine, matters.Civility, yours and mine, is what is necessary to prevent us from turning on one another and instead seeking to find answers to the challenges that we face together now—and the greater challenges we will meet in the future.If our political class cannot or will not serve as an example for us, then let us be an example for them.last_img read more

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Punjab set to take over farm loans

first_imgPunjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh on Wednesday said his government would soon take over farmers’ loans and ensure that their mortgaged land or property was not confiscated.“There is no question of backtracking on the debt waiver promise and the government will soon take over the loans of the farmers. It will also ensure that their mortgaged land/ property is not confiscated,” he said in a statement here.The CM said his government had already fulfilled the promise to bring an end to ‘kurki’ (auction of mortgaged land).Meanwhile, Minister Navjot Sidhu said the government was looking for a permanent solution to the problem of farm debts.“The aim is to make the farmers self-reliant so that they don’t have to take loans in the future,” he said, and assured the farmers that the State would do everything in its power to help them stand on their feet.Mr. Sidhu suggested a licensing system for moneylenders to ensure a fair and just system of taking loans in case of dire necessity. The Minister also listed crop insurance as a measure that the government was looking at to secure the State’s beleaguered farmers.He sought the Central government’s intervention to check the misuse of MGNREGA.last_img read more

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Ahmedabad declared India’s first heritage city by UNESCO

first_imgMore than 600 year old Walled City of Ahmedabad founded by Ahmed Shah has been declared India’s first World Heritage City, recognising heritage value of the walled city’s unique heritage.The World Heritage Committee (WHC) of UNESCO announced on Saturday late night following a meeting in Poland’s Krakwo. Subsequently, India’s permanent representative to UNESCO Ruchira Kamboj also tweeted. . “Thrilled to announce! Ahmedabad has just been declared India’s first #WorldHeritage city by @UNESCO,”Just inscribed as @UNESCO #WorldHeritage Site: Historic City of Ahmadabad #India https://t.co/ztbb8RIMiZ #41whc pic.twitter.com/iRIMoQfAtK— UNESCO (@UNESCO) July 8, 2017 The 5.5 km walled city area with approximate population of four lakh living in century old wooden residences in around 600 pols or neighbourhoods is regarded as living heritage and the UNESCO had preferred Ahmedabad’c entry over Delhi and Mumbai, country’s two main metro cities.Ahmedabad’s nomination received huge support from around 20 countries, who lauded the peaceful co-existence of dominant Hindu, Islamic and Jain communities in the Walled City area. Besides it architectural marvels of wooden havelis, the world community also stressed on the fact that the city was the epicentre of non violent freedom struggle that  led to country’s independence from colonial rulers in 1947.According to Ahmedabad Municipal Commissioner Mukesh Kumar, there are 2600 heritage sites and over two dozen ASI protected monuments and sites in the walled city which has been declared as the first World Heritage City of the country. In 2011, the city had figured in UNESCO’s tentative list.The civic body and the state authorities expect a huge boost to tourism in the city after the UNESCO’s declaration. The city has now joined the privileged club of heritage cities like Paris, Cairo, Edinburg and two cities in subcontinent Bhaktpur in Nepal and Galle in Sri Lanka.Also Read Eritreans thrilled with UNESCO heritage tag for capital citycenter_img “For over 600 years, Ahmedabad has stood for peace, as a landmark city where Mahatma Gandhi began India’s freedom struggle. It has stood for unity with its elegant carvings in its Hindu and Jain temples as well as standing as one of the finest examples of Indo-Islamic architecture and Hindu Muslim art. And beyond this, it epitomizes the United Nation’s objective of sustainable development as it accelerates in its development,” Ms. Kamboj said during Ahmedabad’s inscription.It took efforts of two decades to achieve the new status as Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) had set up Heritage Cell in 1996 to preserve heritage sites and restore those which were damaged. Prior to that in 1984, Ford Foundation had instituted a project to conserve city’s heritage structures in the Walled City.last_img read more

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Gangster’s death sparks violence in Nagaur, 1 dead

first_imgAn indefinite curfew was clamped on Sanvrad village of Nagaur district in Rajasthan on Thursday after large-scale violence broke out in which one person was killed and 25 others injured.Thousands of people had gathered in the village to pay tribute to gangster Anandpal Singh, who was killed in an encounter with the police on June 24.The situation in the region remained tense as the protesters demanded a CBI inquiry into Anandpal’s death.Home Minister Gulab Chand Kataria rejected the demand, saying the police had followed the Supreme Court’s guidelines during the encounter at Malasar in Churu district and the gangster’s family members could go to the court if they believed that it was fake.Late on Thursday evening, members of the Rajput community who had kept Anandpal’s body in a deep freezer at his house for nearly three weeks after its post-mortem, agreed to cremate it following the arrest of some leaders.The police said curfew would be relaxed in Sanvrad for one hour to facilitate the cremation.Rajput leaders Lokendra Singh Kalvi, Ranveer Gudha and Sukhdev Singh, who were leading the agitation in the village, were arrested along with 200 persons, while Shri Rajput Sabha leaders Giriraj Singh and Mahipal Singh were arrested in Jaipur.They had given a call to the community members to stage a march to the State Capital.During Wednesday’s violence, Lalchand Sharma from Haryana was killed in the clash between the police and the crowd of protesters.The mob allegedly attacked the police with stones, snatched weapons and set a police vehicle on fire.Nine policemen and three civilians, who were seriously injured, were admitted to Sawai Man Singh Government Hospital in Jaipur.Hospital spokesperson S.S. Yadav said two of the injured were shifted to the intensive care unit after their surgery on Thursday.The administration has banned Internet services in several areas of Nagaur, Churu, Sikar and Bikaner districts in an attempt to stop the spread of rumours on the social media.Fake videos, messages and images had gone viral on web-based applications since Anandpal’s encounter.The State Roadways buses started plying in Nagaur district on Thursday evening after a gap of two days, while the railways cancelled the Ratangarh-Sardarshahar train, partially cancelled the Jodhpur-Hisar train and diverted three others after the protesters damaged the track passing through Sanvrad.last_img read more

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Fiery protest over Shimla rape and murder

first_imgThe rape and murder of a schoolgirl in Kotkhai tehsil of Shimla district on Wednesday took a mysterious turn when one of the accused, Suraj Kumar, was killed in police custody, reportedly by another accused.Suraj belongs to Nepal and has been lodged in the Kotkhai police station since his arrest last week along with five others, mostly from Uttarakhand.Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh, when asked about the case, appeared to trivialise the issue and told reporters that “rape and murder happens everywhere and there is nothing new.”The police said Suraj was an eyewitness in the rape-cum-murder case and was reportedly ready to become a prosecution witness.Angered by the killing in the lock-up, a mob attacked the Kotkhai police station, setting ablaze vehicles and hurling stones in which at least four policemen, including an Assistant Superintendent of Police, were injured. The protesters refused to believe the police version and questioned how a person could be killed while in the lock-up. The angry protesters also blocked the Hatkoti-Theog and the Hindustan-Tibet highways for hours due to which hundreds of people were stranded.The police faced a tough time even in shifting the injured to hospital. After much effort, three of the injured policemen were admitted to a local hospital while one critically injured was referred to the Indira Gandhi Medical College here.To keep the situation under control, additional police force was rushed to Kotkhai, as the authorities feared the killing would trigger outrage.The people of the district, including Kotkhai, Theog, Gumma and Shimla and its suburbs, have been protesting everyday and demanding the arrest of what they called the “real” culprits.They said the names and photographs of the “real” culprits were disclosed on Twitter by the Chief Minister but was withdrawn subsequently.Governor Acharya Devvrat has summoned State Director General of Police Somesh Goyal and has sought a report from the government on the case.In a letter to the chief secretary, Mr Devvrat said the alleged rape and murder of the minor girl was a serious matter which had angered people across the state.The High Court also summoned the state Director General of Police (DGP) and sought a report. Mr Virbhadra Singh, who has not visited Kotkhai so far and had lauded the police for “cracking” the case, said he had written to the CBI for a probe.He came back midway from his tour of Mandi district and got agitated when told that the opposition has raised the matter in Parliament and approached the Home Ministry for an “impartial probe.”“So what Rajnath Singh will not attack me,” he said and blamed the media and the opposition for defaming him.last_img read more

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Rahul Gandhi attacks Modi and RSS in Bastar

first_imgThe Congress party vice-president Rahul Gandhi on Saturday launched a scathing attack on the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the Bharatiya Janata Party, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi and held them responsible for conflicts in almost every state of the country. During an interaction with tribal students and young Congress workers at Jagdalpur, the Congress vice president said, “ Every state has been witnessing conflicts and troubles since the BJP government has come to power (at the center). There was calm in Jammu and Kashmir. The UPA government had almost eliminated terrorism. However, the situation changed since the NDA came to power. Now, almost every part of the country is witnessing unrest and the RSS and the BJP gain from such divisions. Wherever they go, they make people fight each other.”Jagdalpur is the district headquarters of Maoist-insurgency hit Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. Mr. Gandhi was there as a part of his two-day long Chhattisgarh visit.   “The RSS and the BJP want to make sure that the Dalits, tribals, and minorities remain backward so that they can rule longer,” he alleged.Later on addressing a rally in Marker area of Bastar, Mr.Gandhi lashed out at Chhattisgarh chief minister Raman Singh for his alleged involvement in corruption and criticized Prime Minister Modi for shielding him.“Recently Pakistan’s prime minister resigned because his name cropped up in the Panama Papers. The chief minister of Chhattisgarh and his family were also named in the Panama Papers. In Pakistan, where there is no rule of law, the prime minister has resigned. But Chhattisgarh’s chief minister has not resigned. Why will he resign? He is a leader of RSS-BJP. They can do any kind of corruption they want. ‘Achche Din’ have come. Modi talks of corruption and gives long speeches over it but he cannot see Chhattisgarh chief minister’s involvement in corruption. The prime minister doesn’t utter a word when Rajasthan CM faces allegations of accepting a bribe,” the Congress vice president said without mentioning recent events in Bihar.Mr. Gandhi pointed out that Prime Minister Modi had opposed the Land Acquisition bill when the Congress was bringing the bill to help farmers and workers.“Modi opposed us and went to the big corporate houses and called our bill a wrong bill. He then became PM with the support of the same people who want to snatch your land. They did his marketing on TV, Newspapers and everywhere else. The marketing did not involve the Tribals’, Dalits’ or farmers’ money. All money came from the big business houses. They promoted Modi because they knew Modi would work for them and Rahul Gandhi won’t. Thrice, Modi tried to repeal the Act or to destroy it. Our MPs fought and stopped them in Parliament. However, they repealed it in the BJP ruled states,” Mr.Gandhi alleged.Targeting the Raman Singh government in Chhattisgarh, the Congress leader claimed that the “Jal Jangal Jameen” (Water, Forest, and Land) of people was being snatched in the state.“Only one work is happening in Chhattisgarh and Bastar. Your ‘Jal Jangal Jameen’ is being snatched from you. A new word has been discovered – ‘outsourcing’. The RSS people say reservation have to be scrapped. Outsourcing means to do away with reservation from the back door. Local people in Chhattisgarh don’t get employment. Only people from Maharashtra and those from the RSS get work here. This is what Modi has been doing. What sort of development is this? Outsiders and RSS people are being given preference in employment in Chhattisgarh and Chhattisgarh’s youth are being neglected. The RSS and the BJP want to see the tribals of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand working as maids in rich people’ houses in big cities but we don’t want such development. Development should be for everyone and everyone should get employment,” Mr. Gandhi maintained.He also accused Prime Minister Modi of “mocking” India’s laborers.“The MNERGA gave employment to every labor but Modi said that Congress was making every Indian worker to dig pits. Modiji, India’s labourers have been building India with their efforts,” he added.Mr. Gandhi also promised that his party will not allow Chhattisgarh and Bastar to grow weaker.He asked his party men not to wait for the elections and help the common people and promised that every section of the population and the Congress workers would be respected under the Congress rule.“Go to the field. The RSS has given you many issues. Fight for the people. You call me wherever you want. I will come and stand with you,” he assured the Congress workers.last_img read more

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Lucknow gets its much-awaited Metro Rail

first_imgThe much-awaited Lucknow Metro was finally inaugurated on Tuesday with BJP leaders describing it as a step towards developing the Uttar Pradesh capital as a Smart City.The inaugural journey was flagged off by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. The dignitaries, including Governor Ram Naik, also enjoyed a ride on the metro.The Metro will be thrown open to the public from Wednesday with the 8.5 km stretch from Transport Nagar to Charbagh, dubbed the ‘Priority Corridor’, becoming operational.Mr. Singh, who is also the Lok Sabha MP from Lucknow, dedicated the metro to former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.While stating that the metro rail “has increased the smartness” of Lucknow, he said it was his dream to watch the city develop as a “model of public transportation” in the country.Mr. Adityanath hailed the Narendra Modi government at the Centre for its contribution to the project. The CM said the Lucknow Metro was in sync with Mr. Modi’s dream of developing metro rail in 50 cities in the next three years and providing a better, cheaper, pollution-free and modern transportation system to the people.Project costThe estimated cost of the 22.878 km Phase-1A of the project is ₹6,928 crore, a joint venture of the State and Central governments. Mr. Adityanath was quick to remind the audience of the role of the Modi government in availing a loan assistance of 450 million Euros (₹3,502 crore) from the European Investment Bank (EIB) for the Phase-1A project.The CM also said that his government would now work to develop metros in seven other cities in U.P. — Kanpur, Agra, Varanasi, Jhansi, Meerut, Allahabad and Gorakhpur, his political turf.To smoothen the process, the State government would consolidate all metro corporations into a central one called the Uttar Pradesh Metro Corporation.The development of the Metro began in Sept. 2014.last_img read more

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Mining scam: Ex-CM Kamat chargesheeted

first_imgA Special Investigation Team (SIT) of the Goa Police investigating the mining scam in Goa chargesheeted former Chief Minister and Congress MLA Digambar Kamat and two others on Thursday for condoning the delay in renewal of a mining lease in South Goa. The 1,572-page chargesheet has booked Mr. Kamat, leaseholder Prafulla Hede, and Goa Mines and Geology Department official A.T. D’Souza under sections of the Mines and Minerals Development and Regulation Act, Prevention of Corruption Act and the Indian Penal Code, said Superintendent of Police Karthik Kashyap, who heads the SIT. The chargesheet was filed before the Principal District and Sessions Court in South Goa. Mr. Kashyap said it mentions 40 witnesses. Mr. Kamat, who held the Mines portfolio from 2007 to 2012, is accused of allowing mining companies, including the one operated by Mr. Hede, to avail the ‘condonation of delay’ clause to renew their iron ore mining leases in return for bribes. The SIT has also questioned Mr. Kamat’s son Yogiraj and brother in-law Satish Lawande in the case. Rajiv Yaduvanshi, the then Principal Secretary (Mines), has turned approver.last_img read more

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Two lynched in Jharkhand for stealing cattle

first_imgTwo men were lynched allegedly by a group of enraged villagers on suspicion of cattle theft in Jharkhand’s Godda district, police said on Wednesday.Deputy Inspector-General of Police (Santal Paragana) Akhilesh Kumar Jha said five people had allegedly stolen buffaloes from the house of Munshi Murmu and others in the tribal-dominated Dullu village on Tuesday night.Finding the buffaloes missing, Murmu and other villagers gave a chase to the five people, who were caught in adjoining Bankati village with the cattle early on Wednesday.The villagers thrashed Sirabuddin Ansari, 35, and Murtaza Ansari, 30, to death. The three others managed to flee, Mr. Jha said.Four persons, including Murmu, have been arrested.The victims were residents of Taljhari in the district, about 200 km from Ranchi, Superintendent of Police Rajeev Ranjan Singh said.Adequate police force, along with a magistrate, had been deployed in the village, Mr. Jha said.The SP, who rushed to the spot, said that according to the villagers, the five people had stolen 13 buffaloes.After lynching the duo, the villagers brought the bodies back to Dullu village on bicycles, the SP said.Mr. Singh said the stolen cattle had been recovered.last_img read more

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Flurry of political events in Odisha ahead of polls

first_imgWith Lok Sabha and Assembly elections a few months away, the political situation in Odisha is hotting up with Prime Minister Narerndra Modi’s back-to-back visits to the State to inaugurate projects and address BJP rallies.Chief Minister and BJD president Naveen Patnaik had raised a series of issues and demanded financial autonomy for Odisha two days after Mr. Modi visited Bhubaneswar on December 24 to inaugurate projects and address a party rally.Funds for SHGsMr. Patnaik is not taking any chances this time. When Mr. Modi will dedicate Indian Oil Corporation Limited’s Balasore-Haldia-Durgapur section of Paradip-Haldia-Durgapur LPG pipeline project on January 5 at Baripada, the Chief Minister will address a State-level meeting of the women self-help groups in Puri that day. At the function, Mr. Patnaik will launch distribution of ₹15,000 each to the newly formed SHGs in the State.The BJP has been stated focusing on women issues of late by highlighting the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana.A senior BJD leader told journalists on Wednesday that Mr. Modi’s frequent visits to Odisha will not have any impact on the State’s political scene.Further, Mr. Modi is scheduled to visit western Odisha town of Balangir on January 16, his third visit to the State in less than a month. The Prime Minister will address the BJP workers and public at a mega rally in the town. The BJD has not announced any programme to counter the saffron party’s Balangir rally so far.last_img read more

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Here It Comes … The $375,000 Lab-Grown Beef Burger

first_imgIf you take some scientists’ word for it, the biggest agricultural revolution since the domestication of livestock is starting on Monday—in an arts center in London. At a carefully orchestrated media event, Dutch stem cell researcher Mark Post is planning to present the world’s first test-tube hamburger. Its patty is made from meat that Post has laboriously grown from bovine stem cells in his lab at an estimated cost of $375,000, just to prove a point: that it is possible to produce meat without slaughtering animals.Some details of Monday’s event are still secret, but Ogilvy, the PR agency hired to handle Posts’s publicity, says that the meat will be cooked and then eaten by two volunteers in front of an audience of invited journalists. (It also says that Post, who works at Maastricht University, is not available for interviews until then.) Speculation is rife that the anonymous U.S. billionaire who has bankrolled Post’s research project will step forward. And of course, there is the biggest question of all: What will the burger taste like?Artificial meat research has received lots of media attention, yet so far has produced little anyone could actually taste. Scientists in the field are excited but also apprehensive about the upcoming presentation. “The moment could be historic,” says Cor van der Weele, a biophilosopher at Wageningen University in the Netherlands, who has done research on public attitudes toward cultured meat. How people react to the stunt will have huge implications for the future of the research, she says. “If anything unexpected happens, it could backfire.”Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Henk Haagsman, a veterinary researcher at Utrecht University in the Netherlands who has collaborated with Post, says that he was initially skeptical of the event; now he thinks it may be the right way to grab the public’s attention and raise money for research to propel the field forward. However, the spectacle could eclipse the science, he says: “As soon as it turns into a circus for media, people may mix this up with illusionists or magicians.”The idea of culturing meat in the lab is nothing new. In his essay “Fifty Years Hence” published in 1931, Winston Churchill wrote: “We shall escape the absurdity of growing a whole chicken in order to eat the breast or wing, by growing these parts separately under a suitable medium.” Modern-day scientists say they know how to fulfill that dream: Stem cells taken from an animal could be cultured and used to grow millions of tons of meat, Post says. In theory, at least, a couple of animals could feed the world.The benefits could be enormous. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, global meat consumption may increase from roughly 228 million tons in 2002 to about 465 million tons in 2050. Cultured meat could vastly reduce animal suffering and stop livestock from taking up huge tracts of land and polluting the atmosphere with methane and other greenhouse gases that they emit. In a 2011 study, scientists at the University of Oxford and the University of Amsterdam estimated that cultured meat may need 35% to 60% less energy, occupy 98% less land, and produce 80% to 95% less greenhouse gases than conventional meat. In an interview late last year with ScienceNOW, Post said he realized the potential of lab-grown meat as soon as he heard about it. “The societal impact it could have is way more than any of my biomedical research of the last 25 years.”There are many hurdles, however. Despite several attempts, scientists have not been able to culture embryonic stem cells from cattle, pork, or chicken. “So far, we have embryonic stem cells from mice, rats, humans, and monkeys—and that’s about it,” Haagsman says. One way forward would be to use small molecules to turn adult cow cells into so-called induced pluripotent stem cells that could be used instead, he suggests.There are other problems: Cultured meat is now grown in medium with fetal calf serum, a supplement made from blood collected at slaughterhouses; scientists have yet to find an alternative that doesn’t involve dead animals. Guiding stem cells to develop into muscle cells only is also a difficult task. And as soon as scientists grow a piece of meat more than half a millimeter thick, it will need blood vessels to supply cells with oxygen and nutrients and keep them from dying. A lab-grown rib eye or sirloin steak, with its complicated architecture of muscle fibers and fat cells, is still decades away, Haagsman says.Instead, Post has gone for minced meat, produced not from embryonic stem cells but from myoblasts, stem cells found in adult muscle tissue to replace dead muscle fibers. He has grown tiny pieces of beef muscle in petri dishes; according to a press release, 20,000 of these shreds are needed to build a 5-ounce burger patty.”This is not the way we would produce it in the future,” Haagsman, in part because myoblasts’ ability to divide is more limited than that of embryonic stem cells. Post also doesn’t have an alternative for fetal calf serum yet, and differentiation into muscle cells needs to become more efficient, Haagsman says. “This is more of a demonstration project.”Post isn’t the only researcher hoping to relocate meat production from the farm to the lab. Gabor Forgacs, a researcher at the University of Missouri, aims to use 3D printing technology to build bigger pieces of meat from muscle cells. Modern Meadows, the company he founded, announced last year that it had received $350,000 from the foundation of PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel.But in general the field has suffered from “an extreme lack of funding so far,” says Van der Weele—which could change after the London event. At the same time, “you could get a general atmosphere that this is a kind of Frankenstein food,” she says, adding that much will depend on the words and images the media use to portray the event. To Van der Weele, Monday’s burger tasting will not be just an interesting culinary experiment but a psychological one as well.Kai Kupferschmidt will be live-tweeting from the event. To keep tabs on the latest on artificial meat, follow Kai at @kakape.A live video feed of the event will be available at www.culturedbeef.net.last_img read more

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Nanomaterial May Be Future of Hard Drives

first_imgDENVER—Most magnets shrug off tiny temperature tweaks. But now physicists have created a new nanomaterial that dramatically changes how easily it flips its magnetic orientation when heated or cooled only slightly. The effect, never before seen in any material, could eventually lead to new types of computer memory.Materials become magnetized when their internal magnetic grains, which usually point in different directions, align in a strong enough magnetic field. How much a material’s grains resist aligning is known as its coercivity. A familiar bar magnet, for example, has high coercivity, with its typically constant north-south poles. Other substances, such as iron and nickel, have low coercivity, meaning they can change their orientations more easily.Coercivity isn’t just about a magnet’s composition: It also depends on its temperature. Usually, a magnet’s coercivity changes gradually as its temperature rises or falls. But the new nanomaterial shows this isn’t always true. To make the material, a team led by physicist Ivan Schuller at the University of California, San Diego, deposited an ultrathin 10-nanometer layer of nickel onto a 100-nanometer-thick wafer of a substance called vanadium oxide. The scientists then cooled the mixture and ramped up a magnetic field until the nickel’s grains started to flip. This process allowed the scientists to measure the material’s coercivity at temperatures down to negative 153°C.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)After most temperature changes, the material’s coercivity budged only slightly. But between negative 88°C and negative 108°C, its coercivity jumped up five times, making it much more resistant to changing its magnetic orientation. Its coercivity then plummeted to half its maximum value as the scientists further lowered the temperature to negative 123°C, meaning the material’s grains again became easier to flip. The dramatic spike in coercivity—far larger than that seen in any other material over a similar temperature range—excited the researchers, who reported it at this week’s American Physical Society meeting in Denver. The work also appears in Applied Physics Letters. This is what we physicists like to do—look at things that are huge effects, that are fantastic effects,” Schuller says.Even though nickel has the flippable magnetic grains, Schuller thinks a change in vanadium oxide’s internal structure is what causes the combined material’s coercivity spike. Vanadium oxide’s atoms take on one arrangement above negative 88°C  and another below negative 123°C. Between the two temperatures, however, the material contains blocks with both arrangements. That mixed structure makes it harder for the overlying nickel’s grains to flip en masse, Schuller says.While potential applications are still a ways off, Schuller thinks his team’s finding could someday lead to a new kind of temperature-controlled computer memory. Computers encode information in tiny magnetic components, and to be stable these components must not realign easily. But the magnets must also be able to flip quickly under certain conditions, so that memory can be rewritten. Schuller envisions that a hard drive based on his finding would keep its memory elements at a high-coercivity temperature most of the time, and heat them slightly for rewriting. This would be a huge improvement over current heat-assisted magnetic recording devices, whose elements must be heated hundreds of degrees by laser.“I was a bit surprised” at the large coercivity spike the team found, says Dan Dahlberg, a physicist at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. “It’s not what you would expect.” But Dahlberg is not excited enough about the material to start studying it himself. He notes that any viable heat-assisted memory technology would need to operate near room temperature, not at the frigid temperature where the coercivity of Schuller’s material spikes. (Schuller says his team has produced a material with a coercivity spike closer to room temperature and is planning to publish this result.)Still, Dahlberg says, it can be hard to predict whether a new discovery will lead to applications down the road. “To say something will never end up in technology … is a very dangerous thing.”last_img read more

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